Business finance is one of the contemporary topics in the field of business which is concerned with the requisitioning and conservation of the capital funds geared towards meeting the financial needs and the overall objectives of the business enterprise. Therefore, business finance implies the primary activity of funding the various aspects of business regardless of whether it is starting, running or expanding business. Business finance may be either long term or short term. Long-term business finance implies making long-term investment including purchasing of the various items such as equipment, machinery, buildings among others. The short-term business finance refers to making the short-term business investment such as funding the daily business activities including paying off bills, internet subscription, printing, labor cost just but to mention a few. The concept of business finance takes root during the planning of the business where one must take into consideration the financial needs and capability required by the business. During startup, entrepreneurs typically borrow money from the banks and other financial institutions or may bring individuals and organizations to a shared ownership geared towards raising the initial capital. However, when the business is up and running, it becomes a crucial role to manage the daily financial operations. Though business may turn to financial institutions and financiers for the financial boost, it is expected that such a business should rely on customers to generate the money needed to undertake their finance activities.
Finance business is also an important concept that is significantly considered during the decision-making process. As the firm grows, its financial needs evolve becoming more sophisticated. As opposed to small businesses where the owner has the mandate and free will to make the financial decision alone, in big finance based company, the owners are not involved in financial decisions. In fact, they hire managers and financial advisers who are tasked with financial responsibilities of the business.